National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture ( NICRA )
Impact of climate change is witnessed by the whole world, India being no exception. The projected impacts are likely to further aggravate yield fluctuations of many crops thus impacting food security. Significant negative impacts have been projected with medium-term (2010-2039) climate change, eg. yield reduction by 4.5 to 9 percent. To tackle against climate change and for bringing resilience in the farmers against adverse climatic conditions a new project namely National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) has been started by ICAR. Amongst various components of NICRA project ‘Technology Demonstration Component’ is being run at selected KVKs across the country. This KVK is one of the centres where the project is being run.
Basic information of selected NICRA centre
- Name of NICRA village :Haral, Tal.- Rajapur
- No. of households:
- Total cultivated area: 704 ha.
- Major soil types: Red lateritic soil
- Annual normal rainfall: 3500 mm.
- Important crops : Rice, Horse gram, Cowpea, Cashew
- Climate vulnerability: Flash floods, high runoff, rainstorms
Technology Intervention :
Goat Breed Konkan Kanyal For Livelihood Improvement
Groundnut Seed Production "Konkan Trombey Tapora Variety"
Green Fodder (Gajraj) Production
Konkan Jalkund for Protective Irrigation
High Density Mango Plantation
Interventions under NICRA:
Water conservation through Konkan Vijay bandhara
Due to high rate of runoff in red lateritic soils water availability declines steadily after end of January. Thus it becomes difficult to cultivate rabi crops that require irrigation for obtaining good yield. Harvesting water flowing in streams by constructing Konkan Vijay bandhara is one of the major activities undertaken in NICRA project. Water stored in these temporary dams is used for irrigating rabi crops like cowpea, horse gram, watermelon, groundnut etc.
Promotion of lodging resistant rice varieties
Occurrence of rainstorms and flash floods at the end of monsoon is a common phenomenon in the region. Traditional rice varieties tend to creep and lodge in these conditions which results in yield reduction. Moreover labour requirement increases while harvesting of lodged paddy. Cultivation of improved varieties like Karjat-2 and Karjat-6 is promoted which are resistant to lodging.
Semi intensive goat keeping
Konkan Kanyal goat breed is developed by Dr.BSKKV, Dapoli that thrives well under heavy rainfall conditions. Two units of 5+1 size are supplied under the project to prospective goat keepers. Performance of unit is found to be satisfactory with no mortality.